New York is a state located in the Northeastern United States. New York was one of the original thirteen colonies that formed the United States. With more than 19 million residents in 2019, it is the fourth most populous state. In order to distinguish the state from its city with the same name, located within the state, it is sometimes referred to as New York State.
Two-thirds of the state’s population lives in the New York metropolitan area (including nearly 40% on Long Island). The state and city were named for the 17th-century Duke of York, the future King James II of England. With an estimated population of 8.34 million in 2019, New York City is the most populous city in the United States and the premier gateway for immigration to the United States. The New York metropolitan area is one of the most populous in the world. A global city, NYC is home to the United Nations Headquarters, and has been described as the cultural, financial, and media capital of the world, as well as the world’s most economically powerful city. The next four most populous cities in the state are Buffalo, Rochester, Yonkers, and Syracuse, while the state capital is Albany.