Sierra Leone (/siˌɛrə liˈoʊn(i)/, also UK: /siˌɛərə -/, US: /ˌsɪərə -/), officially the Republic of Sierra Leone, informally Salone, is a country on the southwest coast of West Africa. It is bordered by Liberia to the southeast and Guinea to the northeast. Sierra Leone has a tropical climate with a diverse environment ranging from savanna to rainforests, a total area of 71,740 km2 (27,699 sq mi) and a population of 7,092,113 as of the 2015 census. The capital and largest city is Freetown. The country is divided into five administrative regions which are subdivided into sixteen districts. Sierra Leone is a Constitutional Republic with a unicameral parliament, and a directly elected president.
Freetown is the capital and largest city of Sierra Leone. It is a major port city on the Atlantic Ocean and is located in the Western Area of the country. Freetown is Sierra Leone’s major urban, economic, financial, cultural, educational and political centre, as it is the seat of the Government of Sierra Leone. The population of Freetown was 1,055,964 at the 2015 census.
The city’s economy revolves largely around its harbour, which occupies a part of the estuary of the Sierra Leone River in one of the world’s largest natural deep water harbours.
The population of Freetown is ethnically, culturally, and religiously diverse. The city is home to a significant population of all of Sierra Leone’s ethnic groups, with no single ethnic group forming more than 28% of the city’s population. As in virtually all parts of Sierra Leone, the Krio language is Freetown’s primary language of communication and is by far the most widely spoken language in the city.