Turkey (Turkish: Türkiye [ˈtyɾcije]), officially the Republic of Turkey (Turkish: Türkiye Cumhuriyeti [ˈtyɾcije dʒumˈhuːɾijeti]), is a transcontinental country located mainly on the Anatolian Peninsula in Western Asia, with a smaller portion on the Balkan Peninsula in Southeastern Europe. Turkey is bordered on its northwest by Greece and Bulgaria; north by the Black Sea; northeast by Georgia; east by Armenia, Azerbaijan, and Iran; southeast by Iraq; south by Syria and the Mediterranean Sea; and west by the Aegean Sea. Approximately 70 to 80 percent of the country’s citizens are ethnic Turks. Istanbul, which straddles Europe and Asia, is the country’s largest city, while Ankara is the capital.
Ankara (/ˈæŋkərə/ ANK-ə-rə, US also /ˈɑːŋ-/ AHNK-ə-rə, Turkish: [ˈaŋkaɾa]), historically known as Ancyra (/ænˈsaɪrə/ an-SY-rə) and Angora (/æŋˈɡɔːrə/ ang-GOR-ə, US also /ˈæŋɡərə/ ANG-gə-rə), is the capital of Turkey. Located in the central part of Anatolia, the city has a population of 4.5 million in its urban centre and over 5.6 million in Ankara Province, making it Turkey’s second-largest city after Istanbul.